Dry scalp or dandruff: 4 methods to know the distinction

If not oily hair, ladies are inclined to complain lots about dandruff and dry scalp. These are frequent pores and skin considerations that many ladies have. Whereas dry scalp and dandruff could seem related, they’re totally different issues because of the way in which they feel and appear. So how will you know the distinction between them? Learn on to seek out out the distinction between dandruff and dry scalp.

What causes dry scalp

When there’s a lack of moisture, typically as a result of harsh climate circumstances similar to chilly and dry air, your scalp can get dry, shares Dr Vijay Singhal, Senior dermatologist, Sri Balaji Motion Medical Institute, Delhi.

dandruff problem
Is it dry scalp or dandruff? Picture courtesy: Shutterstock

Listed below are some extra causes:

• Extreme washing with sizzling water and powerful shampoos can strip the scalp of its pure oils, resulting in dryness.
• Pores and skin circumstances similar to eczema and psoriasis might also contribute to a dry scalp, as they disrupt the pores and skin’s pure barrier perform.
• A poor weight-reduction plan missing important vitamins can play a job in dry scalp improvement.

What causes dandruff?

Dry scalp is extra of a hydration challenge whereas dandruff is primarily as a result of an overgrowth of a yeast-like fungus known as Malassezia on the scalp. This overgrowth may end up from an oily scalp, which gives a really perfect surroundings for Malassezia to thrive, explains the skilled.

Different components that may contribute to dandruff embrace:

• Sensitivity to hair care merchandise
• Rare shampooing
• Pores and skin circumstances like seborrheic dermatitis.

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Dry scalp vs dandruff

To establish you probably have a dry scalp or dandruff, you may search for the next:

1. Scalp flakes

Study the flakes carefully, and in the event that they become small, white and dry, they’re probably dandruff. If the flakes are bigger and look extra like dry pores and skin, it might be a dry scalp challenge.

2. Scalp moisture

Contact the scalp and see the way it feels. A dry scalp typically feels tight and lacks moisture, whereas dandruff is related to extra oiliness and greasiness, says Dr Singhal.

3. Itchiness

Do you end up scratching your head or feeling itchy on the scalp? Persistent itching is commonly a symptom of dandruff, whereas a dry scalp could or could not itch.

4. Flake adherence

Verify how effectively the flakes adhere to the scalp. Dandruff flakes have a tendency to stay to the hair shafts, whereas dry scalp flakes are extra loosely connected and simply fall off.

Woman's hair
There are variations between dry scalp and dandruff. Picture courtesy: Shutterstock

When unsure, seek the advice of a dermatologist who can study the scalp and inform you if it’s dry scalp or dandruff.

deal with dandruff and dry scalp?

Treating dry scalp and dandruff additionally require totally different approaches. For dry scalp, give attention to rising moisture. Use a gentle, moisturising shampoo and conditioner, keep away from hot water, and cut back shampoo frequency. So, when you wash your hair each day, you should cease doing that. Making use of pure oils like coconut or jojoba to the scalp may also assist to hydrate it. When you have pores and skin circumstances like eczema and psoriasis, you should work in the direction of their therapy to keep away from dry scalp as effectively.

As for dandruff, it may be managed with medicated shampoos containing components like zinc pyrithione, ketoconazole, selenium sulfide or salicylic acid. These form of shampoos will help in controlling the overgrowth of Malassezia. Common shampooing, however not each day, and sustaining good scalp hygiene are additionally important.

The frequent factor in each circumstances is that you should observe a balanced weight-reduction plan that’s wealthy in nutritional vitamins and minerals.

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